Night Journal 1
Part I: Martin Niemoller Poem
First they came for the Socialists, and I did not speak out–
Because I was not a Socialist.
Then they came for the Trade Unionists, and I did not speak out–
Because I was not a Trade Unionist.
Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out–
Because I was not a Jew.
Then they came for me–and there was no one left to speak for me.
Minimum 4 sentences–What is the theme of the poem? Do you agree/disagree with his message? Why/Why not?
Read the article about Pope Benedict XVI. On what group(s) does the current Pope place the blame? What is his reasoning?
Group Activity: Who Is Responsible?
Directions: You will determine who was responsible for creating the Holocaust and to what extent they are guilty of crimes against humanity. Create a circle graph in which you assign the person(s) listed the percentage of responsibility you believe they should bear for the Holocaust. Remember, all percentages must add up to 100%.
NOTE: It may be helpful to first rank them 1-8 (1 being most guilty). This may help you determine the percentage of guilt.
Use the colors listed for each section of your graph. After you have made the designations of responsibility for each person(s).
__A___: Residents of Auschwitz and other towns near concentration camps who knew about the camps but did nothing to stop them.
__B__: Minor Nazi soldiers who carried out the mass extermination orders without questioning their superiors.
__C___: Hitler, the leader of the German nation who hated Jews and wanted them destroyed.
___D___: German citizens who voted for Hitler and the Nazi Party to revitalize their morally and economically depressed country.
__E__: The Jews who did not try to escape.
__F___: Top SS officers who designed and executed the “final solution” for Hitler.
__G___: Non-Jewish Europeans who turned against their Jewish friends and fellow citizens for fear that they too would be imprisoned as Jewish sympathizers
__H___: Leaders of the Allied countries (Great Britain, Soviet Union, United States, etc.) who saw evidence of the Holocaust but refused to get involved or voice opposition to Hitler’s plan of extermination.
NOTE: To complete circle graph, you must multiply each percentage (in decimal form) by 360 (because there are 360 degrees in a circle). This will tell you how many degrees each part of the graph should be. Start with the largest angle (measure from 0˚) and go from there.
Step II Directions: On the back, construct a well-written paragraph in which you explain the reasoning behind your decisions.
Ranking 1-8 of Person(s) with percentage ____/5
Colorful and Neat Circle Graph _____/20
Key for the graph _____/5
Written explanation _______/20